World Cancer Day: WHO expresses concerns over growing rate of disease
As people across the globe observe World Cancer Day, today, it reemphasizes the need to discuss it openly with empathy and seriousness. On Monday, the World Health Organisation (WHO) released two global reports that aim to set global agenda on cancer mobilize stakeholders and help other countries set priorities for investing in cancer control and universal health coverage.
It may be noted that the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) since the year 2000 has been observing February 4th as World Cancer Day and raises awareness to put an end to the injustice of ‘preventable suffering’ from the disease and reinstates that everyone can act in the face of cancer. Hence, this year’s theme for World Cancer Day is aptly phrased ‘I am and I will’.
WHO identified six most common cancers found in India include breast cancer, oral cancer, cervical cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, and colorectal cancer. Together, these account for 49% of all new cancer cases. Of 5.70 lakh new cancer cases in men, oral cancer, lung cancer, stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, and oesophageal cancer, accounts for 45% cases.
The report adds that of 5.87 lakh new cancer cases in women, breast cancer, cervical cancer, ovarian cancer, oral cancer, and colorectal cancer account for 60% cases. Tobacco-related cancers account for 34-69% of all cancers in men and constitute 10-27% of all cancers in women in most regions in India.
The report also said that one in 10 Indians will suffer from the disease and one in every 15 Indians will die of it.
The report also suggests that an increasing trend in the incidence of oral cancer in men has been observed in the fourth to seventh decades of life. This could possibly be a result of the increasing consumption of chewing products containing areca nut.